Windows Administrative Shortcut

Here are some vital shortcuts in accessing some Windows Server services. For all the examples below, these can be accessed by
– clicking on start menu and then
– select run,
– and enter the shortcut as shown below to have the service accessed.

With Firewall with Advanced Settingswf
Server Managerservermanager
Group Policy Managementgpmc.msc
Servicesservices.msc
Active Directory Domain and Trustdomain.msc
Active Directory Administrative Centerdsac.msc
Active Directory User and Computersdsa.msc
Windows Server Backupwbadmin
DHCP Managementdhcpmgmt.msc
DNS Managementdnsmgmt.msc
Certificate Authoritycertsrv.msc
Active Directory Sites and Servicesdssite.msc

Failure Reasons for Windows Event Viewer

Having to deal with network errors and user logon errors day in day out, I decided to make a compilation of all relevant errors that are associated with the event logs.

SUB_STATUSDESCRIPTION
0XC0000413Logon Failure: The machine you are logging onto is protected by an authentication firewall. The specified account is not allowed to authenticate to the machine.
0XC0000224user is required to change password at next logon
0XC00000DCIndicates the Sam Server was in the wrong state to perform the desired operation.
0XC000006DThis is either due to a bad username or authentication information
0XC0000192An attempt was made to logon, but the netlogon service was not started.
0XC000006DThis is either due to a bad username or authentication information
0XC000005EThere are currently no logon servers available to service the logon request.
0XC000006EUnknown user name or bad password.
0XC000006EUnknown user name or bad password.
0XC0000193account expiration
0XC000006EUnknown user name or bad password.
0XC000006DThis is either due to a bad username or authentication information
0XC000006DThis is either due to a bad username or authentication information
0XC000018CThe logon request failed because the trust relationship between the primary domain and the trusted domain failed.

Also got some helpful answers from Gabriele Oleotti  on these errors

Handy Microsoft DOS Commands Used with Shutdown

Here i will be discussing day to day vital Microsoft Commands needed to operate and administer any Windows Environment ranging from Windows Server, 2008, 2012, 2016 and 2019.

Here are some switches associated with Windows regardless of the environment. I will be discussing a few.

Shutdown: The shutdown command allows you to shutdown your PC or Server as the name implies. This will ensure windows initiates the shutdown of the server and same process is followed as shutting down via the UI. The Switches below can be used with the shutdown command.

Syntax Usage: shutdown [/i | /l | /s | /r | /g | /a | /p | /h | /e | /o] [/hybrid] [/f] [/m \computer][/t xxx][/d]
Run the shutdown command from windows as shown here for the options and explanations too

Let’s explain what these switches are in details. Note, some systems can let us use (-) switches or (/). This depends on the version of your system.

switchesSyntax Description
/iDisplay the graphical user interface (GUI).
This switch must be the first option.
/lLog off. Note: The /l switch cannot be used with /m or /d options.
/sShutdown the computer.
/rFull shutdown and restart the computer.
/gFull shutdown and restart the computer.
/aAbort a system shutdown. But can only be used during the time-out period.
/pTurn off the local computer with no time-out or warning. Can be used with /d and /f options.
/hHibernate the local computer. Can be used with the /f option.
/hybridPerforms a shutdown of the computer and prepares it for fast startup.
Must be used with /s option.
/eDocument the reason for an unexpected shutdown of a computer.
/oGo to the advanced boot options menu and restart the computer.
Must be used with /r option.
/m \\computerSpecify the target computer.
/t xxxSet the time-out period before shutdown to xxx seconds. The valid range is 0-315360000 (10 years),
/c Comment the reason for the restart or shutdown.
/fForce running applications to close without forewarning users. The /f parameter is implied when a value greater than 0 is specified for the /t parameter.
/dProvide the reason for the restart or shutdown.

Here are some are examples of how these syntaxes are used.

shutdown /r /c "Rebooting for after windows updates."

This command display a Windows system shutdown window about 30 seconds prompting the user that the computer is going to shutdown and then restart the computer

shutdown /s /m \\PCtest /t 10

This command will shut down remote Server “PCtest” after 10 seconds.

For other older switch (-) usage, Please the examples below.

shutdown -s (Shuts down)
shutdown -r (Restarts)
shutdown -l (Logs off)
shutdown -h (Hibernates)
shutdown -i (Interactive mode". Instead of performing an action, it displays a GUI dialog)
shutdown -a (Aborts a previous shutdown command)
shutdown -t 0 -r -f (Force an immediate reboot:)
shutdown -t 30 -r (For a more friendly "give them some time)