Windows Server

Active Directory: How to add a second Domain Controller to your environment

If you wish to install an additional domain controller to balance the load and increase fault tolerance. This how-to guide describes the steps needed to add a domain controller to your existing Active Directory (AD) environment. Please see this guide on how to Setup and configure a DC.

– Install AD DS and
– Promote it as a Domain Controller.
– Add a domain controller into an existing domain

Note: You can decide to join this server to the domain before promoting it as a domain controller.

  • But in my case, I did not join the second Domain Controller to domain previously, because when adding this new domain controller into an existing domain will perform this by default.

If you previously joined the Server to the Domain before promoting it, it will move the computer object out of the computer OU to the Domain Controller OU (Container) Next click on Change to enter the credential needed to join the domain.

You may encounter an error in this stage if you are using the default administrator account.
– create a new account and add the user as a member of the domain Administrator. This works! Remember to uncheck the Domain Name System Here (DNS) server. We do not need it as there is an existing DNS server.

– Under Additional Options, select “Replicate from” using the drop-down button to specify the DC to replicate from.

– Under paths, you can decide to store them in a different location as best practice. I will leave them as default.

– Under review Option, click on next as this gives you an opportunity to review what you have done.
– Here it will perform the prerequisite checks and if it passes, it will prompt you to install Active Directory Domain Services.

– After installation, the computer will reboot.
Now both DC are global catalog and can respond to user queries.

– That is all 🙂
Verify the replication from Active Directory Sites and Services. I will be blogging on how to perform manual replication and testing if replication works. Keep an eye on this site for this.

I hope you found this blog post helpful. If you have any questions, please let me know in the comment session.

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