Staying current with software is crucial, and comprehending the disparities among different update processes is vital. This article delves into the intricacies of Linux system updates, upgrades, and dist-upgrades. By unraveling the nuances of these terms, you can navigate the ever-evolving landscape of Linux software maintenance more effectively.
The term “Linux system Update” encapsulates a variety of actions, each carrying its own significance. Understanding when to utilize an essential update versus opting for a more comprehensive upgrade can significantly impact your system’s functionality and security. Join us as we demystify the intricacies of “Linux system Update” in a clear and concise manner. It will empower you to make informed decisions about your Linux system’s maintenance strategy.
Refreshing Package Indexes
Update: The update function resynchronizes package index files from sources, fetching indexes of available packages from specified locations in /etc/apt/sources.
Upgrade: Upgrade is used to install the newest versions of all packages
currently installed on the system from the sources enumerated in
/etc/apt/sources.list. Retrieving and upgrading installed packages with new versions available while retaining current installations. Not removing current packages or retrieving/unpacking non-installed ones. Keeping existing versions if upgrading would affect another package’s install status. An update must be performed first so that apt-get knows that new versions of packages are available.
Dist-upgrade: Dist-upgrade in addition to performing the function of upgrade, also intelligently handles changing dependencies with new versions of packages; apt-get has a “smart” conflict resolution system, and
it will attempt to upgrade the most important packages at the expense of less important ones if necessary. So, the dist-upgrade command may remove some packages. The /etc/apt/sources.list file contains a list of locations from which to retrieve desired package files. See also apt_preferences(5) for a mechanism for overriding the general settings for individual packages. And with the newer apt tool available from 14.04 onward.
Full-upgrade: Full-upgrade performs the function of an upgrade but may also remove installed packages if that is required in order to resolve a
#apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade