Nagios is an open-source monitoring system that is widely used. It maintains track of your servers and monitors them so you can be certain that your mission-critical services are up and functioning. Any production environment should employ a monitoring system like Nagios, since by monitoring uptime, CPU consumption, and disk space, you may prevent problems before they happen or before your users call you. In this article, you’ll learn how to install Nagios 4 and configure it so that you may use the web interface to monitor host resources. You’ll also install the Nagios Remote Plugin Executor (NRPE), an agent that runs on remote systems and allows you to monitor their resources. Other articles can be found here: How to Install and Configure Postfix as a Send-Only SMTP Server/, How to implement SAMBA (SMB) file shares for Servers and Clients/, also How to Configure Advanced PAM in Linux/ and How to Install LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 18.04 / and How to install MariaDB on Ubuntu
Install the required packages
Make sure you’ve installed the following packages on your Ubuntu installation before continuing.
- Apache 2
- GCC compiler and development libraries
- GD development libraries
You can use apt-get to install these packages by running the following commands:
sudo apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-php5 build-essential libgd-dev
The other steps required for the successful installation of Nagios are as shown below
Step 1: Create a user account
To create a new account and a password, kindly use the command below.
/usr/sbin/useradd -m -s /bin/bash nagios passwd nagios
Create a new
nagcmd group for allowing external commands to be submitted through the web interface. Add both the Nagios user and the apache user to the group.
/usr/sbin/groupadd nagcmd /usr/sbin/usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios /usr/sbin/usermod -a -G nagcmd www-data
Step2: Download Nagios together with its plugin
Make a separate directory where the downloaded packages will be kept.
mkdir ~/downloads cd ~/downloads
Download the source code tarballs of both Nagios Core and the Nagios plugins
wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/nagios/nagios-4.2.1.tar.gz wget https://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.3.3.tar.gz
Step3: Compile and Install Nagios Core
Extract the Nagios Core source code tarball.
cd ~/downloads tar xzf nagios-4.2.1.tar.gz cd nagios-4.2.1
Run the Nagios configure script as follows, using the name of the group you defined previously as a parameter:
Compile the Nagios Core source code.
Set permissions on the external command directory and install binaries, an init script, and example config files.
make install make install-init make install-config make install-commandmode
Step 4: Customize Configuration
Change the email address associated with the
nagiosadmin contact definition to the address you’d want to use for receiving alerts in the /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg config file with your favorite editor.
Step 5: Set up the Web User Interface
Install the Nagios Core web config file in the Apache conf.d directory.
/usr/bin/install: regular file cannot be created 'etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nagios.conf': File or directory doesn't exist
Makefile:298: failure in the instructions for objective 'install-webconf'
make: *** [install-webconf] Error 1
Resolved by running:
/usr/bin/install -c -m 644 sample-config/httpd.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nagios.conf ./configure --with-httpd-conf=/etc/apache2/sites-enabled
To use the Nagios Core web interface, create a
nagiosadmin account. Remember the password you choose for this account; you’ll need it in the future.
htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin
Restart Apache to make the new settings take effect.
Step 6: Compile and Install the Nagios Plugins
Extract the Nagios plugins source code tarball.
cd ~/downloads tar xzf nagios-plugins-2.3.3.tar.gz cd nagios-plugins-2.3.3
Compile and install the plugins.
./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios make make install
Step7 : Start Nagios Core
Configure Nagios Core to automatically start when the system boots.
ln -s /etc/init.d/nagios /etc/rcS.d/S99nagios
Verify the sample Nagios Core configuration files.
/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
If there are no errors, start Nagios Core.
Step 8: Login to the Web Interface
Type the command below in your VM or environment’s browser. You’ll be prompted for the username (nagiosadmin) and password you specified earlier
Step 9: Additional Modifications:
If you want to receive email notifications for Nagios Core alerts, you need to install the mailx (Postfix) package.
sudo apt-get install mailx sudo apt-get install postfix
sudo /etc/init.d/nagios restart
We installed Nagios by following the series of steps shown above. Kindly refer to this guide on how to monitor Windows hosts via Nagios
I hope you found this blog post helpful. If you have any questions, please let me know in the comment session.