Network

How to install Docker Engine on Ubuntu

Docker-Installation-on-Ubuntu
Docker Engine Installation on Ubuntu

Docker is an increasingly popular containerized software package helping organizations and individual creates an isolated runtime environment for their applications. Developing in Docker speeds up applications, as it shares the kernel and other resources, instead of requiring dedicated server resources as is the case of Virtual Machines. There are two versions of Docker, they are Docker CE (Community Edition) and Docker EE (Enterprise Edition). If you have a small-scale project, or you’re just learning, you will want to use Docker CE. Kindly refer to these related guides: How to create and deploy a local Registry Server with Docker Image, how to Pull your first Nginx Container Image from Docker Hub and deploy it to your local machine, Azure DevOps and GitHub integration for Docker and Kubernetes deployment, how to create a static pod in Kubernetes, and how to install, register and start GitLab Runner on Windows.

In this tutorial, I will show you how to install Docker on Ubuntu.  To learn how to install Docker Desktop on Windows using Windows Subsystem for Linux, see the guide on how to Pull your first Nginx Container Image from Docker Hub and deploy it to your local machine and,how to create and deploy a local Registry Server with Docker Image.

Prerequisites

  1. To install Docker engine, you need either Ubuntu Impish 21.10, Ubuntu Hirsute 21.04, Ubuntu Focal 20.04 (LTS) or Ubuntu Bionic 18.04 (LTS) – Docker Engine is supported on x86_64 (or amd6), armhf, arm64, and s390x architectures
  2. A user account with sudo privileges
  3. Command-line/terminal (CTRL-ALT-T or simply launch it from the favorites tab )
  4. Docker software repositories (optional)

Option 1: Install Docker on Ubuntu Using Default Repositories

Step 1: Update Software Repositories

Before you get started with installing Docker Engine on Ubuntu, it is ideal to update the local database of software to make sure you’ve got access to the latest revisions. You may also want to see this guide: How to install and uninstall Docker Desktop on Windows 10 and Windows Server.

Open a terminal window and type:

$sudo apt-get update

Ensure you allow the operation to complete.

Step 2: Uninstall Old Versions of Docker

Next, it is recommended to uninstall any old Docker software before proceeding.
– Use the command:

$sudo apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io
remove-the-old-version-of-docker-engine
Removing Old Docker Installation

Step 3: Install Docker on Ubuntu

To install Docker on Ubuntu, in the terminal window enter the command:

$sudo apt install docker.io
docker-engine-installation
Docker Engine Installation

Wait for all the dependencies to finish downloading and installing.

Step 4: Start and Automate Docker

The Docker service needs to be set up to run at startup. To do so, input the following commands sudo systemctl start docker and sudo systemctl enable docker into the terminal and press enter.

Step 5 (Optional): Check Docker Version

To verify the installed Docker version number, enter:

$docker --version
Docker-Version
Docker Version

Option 2: Install Docker from Official Repository

Step 1: Update Local Database

Update the local database with the command:

$sudo apt-get update

Step 2: Download Dependencies

You’ll need to run these commands to allow your operating system to access the Docker repositories over HTTPS.

In the terminal window, type:

$sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl software-properties-common

To fully understand the command above, here’s a brief breakdown of it:

  1. apt-transport-https: Allows the package manager to transfer files and data over https
  2. ca-certificates: Allows the system (and web browser) to check security certificates
  3. curl: This is a tool for transferring data
  4. software-properties-common: Adds scripts for managing software

Step 3: Add Docker’s GPG Key

The GPG key is a security feature. To ensure that the software you’re installing is authentic, enter:

$curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add –
GPG-key-added-okay
GPG Key Added

To install the Docker repository, enter the command:

Step 4: Install the Docker Repository

$sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu  $(lsb_release -cs)  stable“

The command $(lsb_release –cs)” scans and returns the codename of your Ubuntu installation – in my our case, it’s Bionic because we are running Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS . Also, the final word of the command – stable is the type of Docker release.

Deb
Install the Docker Repository

A stable release is tested and confirmed to work, but updates are released less frequently. You may substitute edge if you’d like more frequent updates, at the cost of potential instability. There are other repositories, but they are riskier – more info can be found on the Docker web page.     Step 5: Update Repositories.

Update the repositories you just added:

$sudo apt-get update
Apt-get-updates
Apt-get updates

Step 6: Install the Latest Version of Docker

To install the latest version of docker:

$sudo apt-get install docker-ce

Step 7 (Optional): Install Specific Version of Docker 

List the available versions of Docker by entering the following in a terminal window:

$apt-cache madison docker-ce

The system should return a list of available versions as in the image above. At this point, type the command:

Docker-version1
Docker version

However, substitute [version] for the version you want to install (pulled from the list you just generated). For example:

Option 3: Install Docker from a .deb Package

You can also install Docker manually by downloading the Docker .deb file.

  1. First, navigate to the Docker download page.
  2. Next, click on the pool link, then stable, then amd64.  This is the location of the stable Docker releases for Ubuntu 18.04
  3. Click on the Docker engine you want to install and the .deb package downloads automatically. Make a note of the path where you saved it.
  4. To install Docker, run the following command (using the path of the downloaded Docker package):
$sudo dpkg -i /path/to/docker.package.deb

Allow the installer to run.

Option 4: Install Docker from a Convenience Script

For installing edge or testing versions of Docker, you can use convenience scripts. This method should not be used in production environments or if you already have another version of Docker installed on your system. Make sure to inspect the scripts before downloading and running them on your system.

Install Docker Engine – Community

To install the latest Docker engine, use the get.docker.com script by running the command:

$curl -fsSL https://get.docker.com -o get-docker.sh

Run the script to start the installation:

$sh get-docker.sh

The Docker service will start automatically.

Install Docker Testing Version

To install the latest testing version of Docker, use the test.docker.com script:

$curl -fsSL https://test.docker.com -o test-docker.sh

Start the installation by running the command:

$sh test-docker.sh

Conclusion

Great job!  You’ve got four (4) different options for installing Docker on Ubuntu

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x
Kindly subscribe to TechDirectArchive
This is default text for notification bar