Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) is a collection of Microsoft specifications for configuring and managing devices and applications on a network using Windows computing systems. WMI informs users of the state of local or remote computer systems. WMI’s role is to enable administrators to manage various Windows operating environments, including remote computers. WMI settings for Windows Firewall only allow WMI connections, not other DCOM apps. An exception must be made in the firewall for WMI on the remote target computer. The WMI exception allows WMI to receive remote connections as well as asynchronous callbacks from Unsecapp.exe. To allow callbacks to succeed, a client application must explicitly add its own sink to the firewall exceptions.
Please see this detailed guide on Windows Management Instrumentation: WMI Commands. Other related guides: MDM Bridge WMI Provider and Windows 10 MDM Capabilities, to know what software is installed on a system, see how to query a list of installed programs in Windows via Windows Settings, Control Panel, WMIC, PowerShell and Windows Registry, and How to setup and configure Remote Desktop Services via Standard Deployment on Windows Server.
How to Enable or Disable WMI Traffic Using Firewall UI
Click the Start button or press the Windows key to open the Start Menu, then search for Control Panel.
In the Control Panel, click System and Security and then click Windows Defender Firewall.
Click Allow an app or feature through Windows Defender Firewall.
First, click Change Settings. In the Allowed apps and features window, select the check box for Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) to enable WMI traffic through the firewall and press Ok.
To disable WMI traffic, go to the Allowed apps and features window and clear the check box for Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).
I hope you found this blog post helpful. If you have any questions, please let me know in the comment session.