The install.wim file, known as the Windows Image File, is a crucial component of any Windows installation media. This compressed file comprises numerous files along with associated file system metadata. Situated within the “sources” folder (sources\install.wim) of the installation media, the install.wim file comes into play when the need arises to repair the Windows file system due to crashes or corrupted system files. This guide offers detailed instructions on how to extract a specific Windows Edition from the install.wim file, thereby facilitating system repair operations.
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The Need for Install.WIM Extraction
On occasion, when Windows 10 encounters a crash or corruption in system files, a repair operation is necessary. The install.wim file harbors multiple instances of itself, each designated for distinct Windows 10 Editions such as Pro, Home, Education, and more. These editions can be identified by either their numerical index or unique name. Extracting the appropriate install.wim file is imperative to effectively repair Windows 10 using tools like DISM.
Here are other related guides: Remove OneDrive from Windows: A DISM Guide, Add Registry Keys via DISM in Windows, for common DISM errors see: Error 183: The specified image is currently being serviced by another DISM operation, and DISM Error 87: The package is unknown.
Step-by-Step Guide to Extracting a Specific Windows Edition from install.wim
Attach or mount the Windows installation media to your system.
Open the Start menu search and run the Command Prompt as administrator. Please see Action cannot be complete because the computer is open in Wimserv.
Input the following command and press Enter to list the images contained in the “install.wim” file:
dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:X:\sources\install.wim
(Replace “X” with your drive letter. For instance, if your installation media is on drive H:, the command becomes:)
Based on your installed Windows Edition, take note of the index number. Example: If Windows 10 Home is installed, the index number is “2.”
Execute the following command to extract the corresponding install.wim file according to your Windows version (using the Index number):
dism /export-image /SourceImageFile:H:\sources\install.wim /SourceIndex:2 /DestinationImageFile:C:\install.wim /Compress:max /CheckIntegrity
(Replace IndexNumber with the appropriate index based on your Edition.) Example:
Upon completion, a valid install.wim file for your desired Windows Edition will reside in the C: drive (C:\install.wim).
By following these steps, you’ll successfully extract a specific Windows Edition from the install.wim file. This process empowers you to engage in effective system repair using the correct install.wim file for your Windows 10. If this guide proves helpful, we encourage you to share your experience and thoughts in the comments below. Liking and sharing this guide can contribute to assisting others in similar situations.