Windows Server

How to Update central store for Group Policy Administrative Templates

The Central Store is a file location that is checked by the Group Policy tools and it is a folder structure created in the sysvol directory on the domain controllers in each domain in your organization. You will need to create the central store only once on a single domain controller for each domain in your organization. The File Replication service then replicates the central store to all domain controllers. It is recommended that you create the central store on the primary domain controller because the Group Policy Management Console and Group Policy Object Editor connect to the primary domain controller by default.

The central store consists of a root-level folder containing all language-neutral ADMX files and subfolders containing the language-specific ADMX resource files. For more information about the difference between an ADM and ADMX file, see https://techdirectarchive.com/2020/03/08/difference-between-an-adm-and-admx-file/

Note: To perform this procedure, you must be a member of the Domain Administrators group in Active Directory.

Microsoft releases a new operating system and if you are in a domain environment you should be interested in manage your new (and old) computer via Group Polices. To manage your computer you need either the target operating system version (or later) with RSAT (Remote Server Administrative Tools) or equivalent server operating system to be able to see and configure all features. You also need updated Group Policy settings files, Group Policy Administrative Templates or simply updated ADMX files for the new operating system.

To create a central store follow the steps below:
– Download the Administrative Templates (.admx) MSI file for Windows Server 2019 and download it to your server.
– Click the download button

Note: This Administrative Templates (.admx) applies Windows 10, Windows Server 2019

This .msi file contains the .admx files we need to populate the policy settings in the user interface.
– Run the saved admx.msi file
– Accept the License Agreement

Note: By default, this is installed in the path below.

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Group Policy\Windows 10 November 2019 Update (1909)

To create a Central Store for .admx and .adml files, using Windows File Explorer 
– Create a folder that is named PolicyDefinitions in the following location on the domain controller as shown below.

\\TECHDARCHIVE\sysvol\techdirect.local\Policies\PolicyDefinitions

Note: If you already have the PolicyDefinition Folder
– Before copying any new ADMX and ADML files backup any that are present in the PolicyDefinitions folder.
– For me, I will create a new folder called Policy Definition as shown below
– As you can see also, it was not available before.

By default, this is installed in the path below

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Group Policy\Windows 10 Version 1511\PolicyDefinitions

Ensure to copy the PolicyDefinition from the path above to the new location within SYSVOL on the Domain Controller that you’ve just created. \\TECHDARCHIVE\sysvol\techdirect.local\Policies\PolicyDefinitions. Ensure to replace the server name and the domain name with your own server and domain name 😉

Note: You can remove any language folders that you do not want to support, so if you are using only English, but i will leave it this way so any other administrator can manage the GPO in whatever language He desires.

Now, you can now manage your ADMX files. as shown below.
– Launch Group Policy Management Console
– This will open the Group Policy Editor as shown below

– Right-click on any of the Group Policy Object as shown below,
– Click on Edit

This will open the Group Policy Management Editor as shown below

With this solution, we have been able to mitigate this error “Error: Administrative templates retrieved from the local computer does not show up” https://techdirectarchive.com/2020/05/19/error-administrative-templates-retrieved-from-the-local-computer-does-not-showing-up/

Reference: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/dotnet/articles/bb530196(v=msdn.10)?redirectedfrom=MSDN

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