Apache Subversion(SVN) is a free and open-source version control system that saves earlier versions of your files and folders and modifications to them. This will allow you to retrieve older versions of files if necessary. You may also track the repository and see who made what improvements. Subversion and Git are quite similar, with the main distinction being that Git is a distributed version control system, whereas SVN is a centralized version control system. This article will teach you how to install Apache Subversion on a Linux machine.
Subversion provides a single central repository, which makes it easier to maintain a top-down control strategy.
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Requirements for Installing Apache Subversion
A Ubuntu operating system, and a user account with sudo privileges
Step 1: Update your packages
Run the following command to update your base system with the latest available packages.
Step 2: Install Apache Subversion
Apache webserver must be installed on your server before proceeding. If it is not already installed, use the following command to do so:
apt-get install apache2 apache2-utils -y
Once the installation is complete, run the following command to install Subversion:
sudo apt-get install subversion libapache2-mod-svn subversion-tools libsvn-de
You must activate some SVN modules after installing Apache Subversion. You can use the following command to enable them:
a2enmod dav a2enmod dav_svn a2enmod authz_svn
The modules have been enabled from step 1 as we can see from the image below. But try to run them just like I did just to ensure
After you’ve enabled all of the modules, restart the Apache service to apply the changes:
systemctl restart apache2
While Apache Subversion has now been installed and we can verify it using
systemctl status apache2. You can now start working on your first repository.
You can confirm this further by typing your local IP Address on the browser you can get your IP by typing
IP add show in terminal
Step 3: Create a Subversion Repository
To begin with, create a directory for Subversion using this command:
sudo mkdir /opt/svn
Next, create a repository named
techdirecarchive inside the /svn directory you can choose to call your repo any name :
sudo svnadmin create /opt/svn/techdirectarchive
So, once you’ve created the repository, change the ownership of the repository to www-data:
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /opt/svn/techdirectarchive sudo chmod -R 775 /opt/svn/techdirectarchive
Afterward, use the following command to create a new Subversion user:
htpasswd -cm /etc/svn-user raphael
Then, enter the password you want to use, as indicated below:
New password: Re-type new password: Adding password for user raphael
Step 4: Configure Apache Subversion
After installing Apache Subversion, the next step is to configure it.
To use Apache Subversion with a web browser, you must first set up an Apache virtual host file.
You can create it with the following command:
sudo vim /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dav_svn.conf
Uncomment the following lines:
<location/svn> DAV svn SVNParentPath /var/www/svn AuthType Basic AuthName “Subversion Repository” AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/dav_svn.passwd Require valid-user </location>
When you’re finished, save and close the file. The Apache service should then be restarted to apply the changes:
systemctl restart apache2
Step 5 : Access Apache Subversion
Open a web browser and navigate to http://ipaddress/svn/techdirectarchive. Please visit the following page:
If you followed along, congratulations you have successfully installed Apache subversion.
We can install and figure Apache subversion by following a series of steps as shown above. Please feel free to leave a comment below.