Access ports are used primarily for hosts and can only carry traffic for a single VLAN. Access Port are the frames received on the interface are assumed to not have a VLAN tag and are assigned to the specified VLAN.
Internal security policies may mandate that an unused port must be protected by several layers to disallow access to the network. (i.e, shutdown the ports)
Task: Disable interfaces Gi0/1 to G10/24 on switch7
switch7(config)#interface range Gi0/1-24 switch7(config-if)#shutdown
See links for more explanations
I hope you found this blog post helpful. If you have any questions, please let me know in the comment session.